The Hebrew alphabet was written down in 10th century B.C. (1000 years before Christ came) ….The first written Bible was in the 1300’s.
A BIT OF HISTORY:
according to: William M. Schniedewind…..
By the time of the fall of Babylon in 539 B.C., and the return of the Jewish exiles to Palestine, the core of the Hebrew Bible was completed. The very language of Scripture changed as society became more textualized. Most tellingly, the Hebrew word Torah, which originally meant “teaching, instruction,” increasingly began to refer to a written text, “the Torah of Moses,” (also known as the Pentateuch) in the Second Temple period (530 B.C.–A.D. 130). The tension between the authority of the oral tradition and the written word, the teacher and the text, continued in the Second Temple period among the various Jewish groups. The priestly aristocracy controlled the temple library and the sacred texts. They were literate elites whose authority was threatened by the oral tradition. Both early Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism, which grew out of the lay classes, struggled with the tension between the sacred text and the authority of the oral tradition in the aftermath of the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70. Although they acknowledged the authority of the written Scriptures, they also asserted the authority of the living voice of the teacher.
Christianity, however, quickly adopted the codex—the precursor of the modern book. Codices, with bound leaves of pages, appeared in the first century A.D. and became common by the fourth century. The codex could encompass a much more extensive series of texts than a single scroll could contain. In bringing together a collection of scrolls, the codex also defined a set and order of books and made possible a more defined canon. It was with the technological invention of the codex that the “Bible” as a book, that is, the Bible as we know it, first got its physical form.
according to: William Dever…
The Merneptah Stele, dated to about 1206 B.C.E. and now housed at the Cairo Museum, offers the earliest historical evidence of a people called Israel. So the Egyptians, a little before 1200 B.C.E., know of a group of people somewhere in the central highlands—a loosely affiliated tribal confederation, if you will—called “Israelites.” These are our Israelites. So this is a priceless inscription.
Some have argued that early Israel was an egalitarian society, that there was no social stratification. I’m not sure any society was ever really egalitarian, but there is a sort of egalitarianism in the Hebrew Bible: “Every man under his own fig tree, equal in the eyes of Yahweh.” It’s interesting that in these hundreds of 12th-century settlements there are no temples, no palaces, no elite residences, no monumental architecture of any kind. These are farming villages in which every household is independent. I think there is a kind of primitive democracy in early Israel, which is enshrined in the vision of the good life in the Hebrew Bible. These settlements are very different from the urban centers of the earlier 13th century. Something new is in the air, and I think this explains why other people join this movement. These villages will develop into the towns and the cities of the later state of Israel.
According to the biblical scheme of events, there was a United Monarchy for about a hundred years in the reigns of Saul, David, and Solomon. Then a civil war brought about the division of the country into Israel, the northern kingdom, and Judah, the southern kingdom. In 1993 an inscription was found at Tel Dan dating back to 840 B. C. E. . It mentions a dynasty of David. And on the Mesha stone found in the last century in Moab there is also a probable reference to David. So there is textual evidence outside the Bible for these kings of the United Monarchy, at least David.
according to: Melissa Salpietra…
The Bible describes King Solomon’s construction of massive gates in Jerusalem, Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer. Archeologists have uncovered the ruins of structures fitting these descriptions.
NOW A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEAD SEA SCROLLS:
In 1947 in the Qumran caves the 7 Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered. Written on the scrolls are all but one of the 39 books of the Hebrew Bible. dating back to the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C., they are the oldest copies of the bible as we know it in existence. Arceology has proven the stories and prayers were part of Israelite history long before they were written, the culmination of a long line of oral and written history of a defined people. 2 to 300 years before Christ was born; up to 68 years A.D.
If you ever get the chance, read through the Isaiah Scroll!
NOW A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE KING JAMES BIBLE:
according to: Dr. Laurence M. Vance
began in 1604; finished in 1611
47 men participated; of these they had a multitude of sources from which to draw from: “Neither did we think much to consult the Translators or Commentators, Chaldee, Hebrew, Syrian, Greek, or Latin, no nor the Spanish, French, Italian, or Dutch.”
(this seems almost criminal to me; no consulting with translators of Hebrew or Greek or even Semarian???)
The translators were organized into six groups, and met respectively at Westminster, Cambridge, and Oxford. Ten at Westminster were assigned Genesis through 2 Kings; seven had Romans through Jude. At Cambridge, eight worked on 1 Chronicles through Ecclesiastes, while seven others handled the Apocrypha. Oxford employed seven to translate Isaiah through Malachi; eight occupied themselves with the Gospels, Acts, and Revelation.
NOW A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE TORAH AND TALMUD:
In addition to the written scriptures we have an “Oral Torah,” a tradition explaining what the above scriptures mean and how to interpret them and apply the Laws. Orthodox Jews believe G-d taught the Oral Torah to Moses, and he taught it to others, down to the present day. This tradition was maintained only in oral form until about the 2nd century C.E., when the oral law was compiled and written down in a document called the Mishnah.
Over the next few centuries, additional commentaries elaborating on the Mishnah were written down in Jerusalem and Babylon. These additional commentaries are known as the Gemara. The Gemara and the Mishnah together are known as the Talmud. This was completed in the 5th century C.E. (common Christian Era, most of the Jewish people do not believe Christ is their Lord, so there is no A.D. anno domino or year of our Lord, although today there are Messianic Jews who do believe Yahshua was YHVH’s son).
The oldest Torah in the world is only 700 years old.
NOW A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE NAG HAMADDI TEXTS:
dated to over 1600 years old, written in the 4th century, they are the oldest written texts we have, not counting the Egyptian and Myan inscriptions on stone.
Containing over 50 separate texts, ie., the Apocalypse of Adam, Paul, Peter, James, and the Apocryphon of John and James. The Gospels of Truth, Phillip, Thomas! AND My FAVORITE…the SOPHIA (or WISDOM) of JESUS CHRIST!!!
I think no matter what beliefs you have, you owe it to yourself to read through some of these!
AND THEN….stop yourself and ASK yourself: Why were they hidden in the first place? Why were so many books left out of the modern-day Bible? ie, the Gospels of Mary, Thomas and Enoch?
AND BEFORE you come up with an answer, go and read them! Go and SEE FOR YOURSELF!
THEY ARE THE OLDEST texts we have concerning YHVH, (GOD), Yahshua, (YHVH’s Son) and the HOLY SPIRIT,
and it will ENLIGHTEN your Soul and Mind!